When Upton Sinclair published his book, The Jungle, in 1906, it sent shock waves across the country. The working conditions of immigrants in the meatpacking industry of Chicago not only injured the nation’s sensibilities, but concern over the unsanitary condition of the meat that was being sold in stores led to reforms such as the Meat Inspection Act.
Hope Williams Sykes’ 1935 novel, Second Hoeing, struck a similar nerve. It exposed the harsh conditions and discrimination against the German immigrants from Russia that worked in the beet fields of northern Colorado.
Hope and Howard Sykes lived at the corner of E. Vine and Summit View Drive (AKA Timberline Road) in a house located just behind a small gas service station. Howard owned and operated the gas station and Hope taught at the Plummer school, just across the street. Less than two miles to the west of their house stood the four-story sugar beet factory with its tall smokestack and the stink of rotting silage. And farms spread far and wide in every other direction growing a variety of crops. Many of the fields grew beets for the sugar factory.
Hope Sykes’ position as a teacher in a rural area, her interactions with customers of the gas station, and her view of the fields out behind her house, gave her an immersive view into the lives of the immigrants that toiled under the harsh conditions that the beets and the industry required. For seven years she took notes, capturing mannerisms of speech, understanding relationships within families and the wider immigrant community, and observing the customs of the Germans from Russia. Because of Sykes’ attention to detail and her lengthy information gathering process, she was able to write a novel that, though fictional, rings clear and true regarding the people, the struggles, and the small triumphs of the Germans from Russia who endured back breaking work in order to make a way for themselves in northern Colorado.
Second Hoeing is the story of a young girl, Hannah Schreissmiller, who is about to come of age, signified by being confirmed in the church. For Hannah, confirmation takes place near the end of her eighth grade year — a public affirmation of the baptism received as an infant. Though most students are about thirteen years old during their eighth grade year, Hannah and her friends are sixteen. Because children were needed in the fields during planting, hoeing, and harvest, they missed a great deal of school.
Hannah is excited to finally be able to go to high school. She would be the first in the family to do so. Her older brothers have all had to stay home and work the fields, at least until they turned 21 and could go out to work for themselves. Her older sisters are all married with young children. Though Hannah is old enough to marry after her confirmation day, her love of learning fuels a longing to continue her schooling. Even the rapt attentions of a young immigrant boy aren’t enough to convince her to settle down and start raising a family of her own.
But Hannah’s life doesn’t go as planned. The harsh realities that the immigrants faced took their toll, and Hannah’s consistent devotion to her family meant that she would make some hard choices that would change her future forever.
Second Hoeing is over 300 pages long, but it’s an easy read and the story is so engrossing that I found it hard to put the book down. Hannah is a likable character, and though her situation is quite different from what most of us have experienced, she’s still a typical teen and therefore easy to relate to.
The fact that the story is set in the Fort Collins area, (called Valley City in the book) adds a layer of intimacy with the characters as you can imagine exactly where they’d be as they attend church (probably attending the German Congregational church at the corner of Whedbee and Oak Streets) or go shopping for a confirmation dress (at one of the shops along Linden Street).
I’d highly recommend reading Second Hoeing. I found my copy at the ARC thriftshop on S. College, but there are also used copies on Amazon for a penny (plus shipping). Or buy a new copy using the link below.
In 1915, a photographer by the name of Lewis Wickes Hine came through the Fort Collins area and took several photos of beet workers and their families. He donated these images to the Library of Congress and are now accessible online. All of the yellowing images shown here were taken by Hine. Hine’s photos cover a broad geographic area, but the pictures are compelling and poignant. You can view the collection on the Library of Congress website. (This includes more than just the photos he took in northern Colorado.) Try this link to see only the photos he took in the Fort Collins area.
Rockwood Place School was located on 9th Street (AKA N. Lemay), just south of the Andersonville neighborhood. Read more about the school in this post on Lost Fort Collins: Where Was Rockwood School?
My dad’s side was “Volga Deutsch” that settled in Fort Collins. We actually had a cousin who was born down by the Poudre, and his birth certificate literally said “Place of Birth: The Jungle” because that was how they referred to that part of the town where the German immigrants were settled.
I’ve read through old journals of Myron Akin, one of our former mayors, and he and his family went down to the Jungles every Sunday evening to teach a Sunday school class. And that’s how he referred to where he was going. He didn’t write it as though it were a derogatory term. It just was what it was.
I’d love to know more about who first used the term, how it was meant (I assume derogatorily), and how the rest of the community just picked up the term like “but of course” instead of calling it Buckingham or some other less derisive term.
It just feels like there’s a lot going on with that name that we can make all kinds of assumptions about, but I’d love to interview someone on what the reality was. … Oh, but for a time machine….